Pleasing Skin Tone

Tutorials and ReviewsTutorials and Reviews ModeratorPosts: 138Super Moderators Major grins
edited April 26, 2013 in Tutorials
Pleasing Skin Tone

Tutorial by Baldy.


Much of this was learned from Dan Margulis' book, Professional Photoshop.
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Great prints: Pleasing skin tone First, the bad news: 99% of all problems with printing photos are related to skin tones. And it's the subject most likely to make photographers weak in the knees. Now for the good: Unlike expressions and poses, which are a matter of taste, there's a simple way to measure skin tones and feel confident they're safely in range.

Measuring the colors

If using Photoshop, go to Window > Info to bring up the Info window you see to your right. Then, pick the eyedropper tool. If you hover the eyedropper over areas of skin, you'll see the color values in Red Green Blue (monitor display colors) and in Cyan Magenta Yellow blacK (print ink colors).
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Stay with us! It's dead simple. Ignore RGB.

90% of all you need to know is that you can never let the yellow % fall below magenta % on anyone's skin unless you're trying to show sunburn.

Your camera may capture images with less yellow than magenta in skin; unfortunately, they won't look pleasing in print if you leave it that way.

Reasonable magenta & yellow values

A fair-skinned pinkish baby could be as light as 15% magenta, 16% yellow. Most caucasians fall in the range of 5-20% more yellow than magenta. A fair-skinned caucasian adult could be as low as 20% magenta, 25% yellow. A bronzed caucasian could be as high as 45% magenta, 62% yellow.
50763635_pZUFQ-L.jpg

Asians and hispanics have typically 10-20% higher yellow than magenta.

Too much color

In the days of film, we used saturated films like Fuji Velvia for landscapes but less saturated films for portraits. No one wants their face to go nuclear. If magenta is getting towards 50%, beware of the well-done look.

The surprising power of cyan

On pleasing photos, cyan usually falls between 30% to 50% of the magenta value. Less than 30% of magenta makes sunburn; more than 50% of magenta makes makes them ghostly blue.

These three photos have the same yellow and magenta values; only cyan changes. Cyan is 24% of magenta on the left (slightly low), 40% in the center, and 60% on the right (too high).
50763624_qFBX2-L-1.jpg

Is it easy to fix with Photoshop?

Yes, and here's how:

Go to Image > Adjustments > Levels. A small window will appear like the one at right. Choose the blue channel from the pull-down menu. For input levels, make the center one become 0.90. You'll see your image warm up. (For really red images, you could go to 0.85.) Click OK.
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Go to Image > Adjustments > Hue/Saturation. Choose the red channel from the pull-down menu. Shift the slider to -7. Click OK.
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That's all there is to it

Should I ask how fancy people do it?

Yes, because it's easy and you'll delight people with your skin tone mastery.

Go to Image > Mode > CMYK Color.

Now go to Image > Adjustments > Curves. The small window you see below will come up. Choose the yellow channel.
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Choose a representative spot of skin, such as a forehead. Move the eyedropper to that patch of skin, hold down Ctrl and Shift (Shift-Command on the Mac), and then click your mouse on the skin. The point you see on the line will appear.

(You can configure the eyedropper to sample a 5x5 or 3x3 pixel area to make it representative.)

Even though this shot was taken with a professional camera and good studio lights, with yellow at 18% and magenta at 22%, Kim is bound to think she looks too pale and too pink.
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We will type 30% into the place for output. Then we'll switch to the magenta channel and type 24% in the space for output. Finally, we type 8% for cyan output (33% of the magenta value).

How did we choose those values? They're typical for fair-skinned caucasians and not too far from the original shot.

Finally, Image > Mode > RGB Color. Save. That's all there is to it.

Comments

  • musemuse Big grins Posts: 22Registered Users Big grins
    edited January 5, 2012
    I realize it's been awhile since this post but I'm wondering if there is a way to do this in LR3? For whatever reason, I really shy away from PS unless I'm removing something or liquifying something. Thank you!
  • arodneyarodney Major grins Posts: 2,005Registered Users Major grins
    edited January 20, 2012
    muse wrote: »
    I realize it's been awhile since this post but I'm wondering if there is a way to do this in LR3? For whatever reason, I really shy away from PS unless I'm removing something or liquifying something. Thank you!

    Yes, Ignore CMYK (it is unnecessary anyway, Photoshop or LR). The percentage values reflect the actual underlying data (unlike CMYK where every profile and process produces differing values). As you can see from the examples I’ve provided below, there is a very logical and clear ratio for RGB percentages for skintone using Lightroom. All the skin here are from reference images using different kinds of skin. Note the ratio between R, G and B:
    LR_Skintone_Ratio.jpg

    The hand icon in LR is sampling a number of pixels under the skin with the RGB values outlined in red. Simple and based on the actual data being processed in Lightroom.
    Andrew Rodney
    Author "Color Management for Photographers"
    http://www.digitaldog.net/
  • BilsenBilsen Not Like -- the Others Posts: 2,143Registered Users Major grins
    edited January 26, 2012
    Good read. thanks.
    Bilsen (the artist formerly known as John Galt NY)
    Canon 600D; Canon 1D Mk2;
    24-105 f4L IS; 70-200 f4L IS; 50mm 1.4; 28-75 f2.8; 55-250 IS; 580EX & (2) 430EX Flash,
    Model Galleries: http://bilsen.zenfolio.com/
    Everything Else: www.pbase.com/bilsen
  • musemuse Big grins Posts: 22Registered Users Big grins
    edited February 11, 2012
    arodney wrote: »
    Yes, Ignore CMYK (it is unnecessary anyway, Photoshop or LR). The percentage values reflect the actual underlying data (unlike CMYK where every profile and process produces differing values). As you can see from the examples I’ve provided below, there is a very logical and clear ratio for RGB percentages for skintone using Lightroom. All the skin here are from reference images using different kinds of skin. Note the ratio between R, G and B:
    LR_Skintone_Ratio.jpg

    The hand icon in LR is sampling a number of pixels under the skin with the RGB values outlined in red. Simple and based on the actual data being processed in Lightroom.

    Fantastic! Thanks for your time on this. Skin is definitely my downfall at the moment. This helps a ton!
  • totextotex Beginner grinner Posts: 8Registered Users Beginner grinner
    edited March 25, 2012
    That is really cool, thanks.
  • VersianoVersiano Beginner grinner Posts: 2Registered Users Beginner grinner
    edited April 26, 2013
    Thanks!!
  • arodneyarodney Major grins Posts: 2,005Registered Users Major grins
    edited April 26, 2013
    Here's a video on correcting skin tones without having to resort to CMYK:

    Low Rez (YouTube)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dWaFDKrNrwc

    High Rez
    http://digitaldog.net/files/SkinToneVideo.mov

    Lab values are now available in Lightroom 5 beta!
    Andrew Rodney
    Author "Color Management for Photographers"
    http://www.digitaldog.net/
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